Film Courage: What is top-down construction versus bottom-up?
Paul Joseph Gulino, Associate Professor at Chapman University Dodge College of Film and Media Arts: These are terms that come from constructivist psychology and the idea is that bottom-up stimulus is where you see something in the world and that goes into your brain and it’s stored there and it’s a process of learning. From these observations of life you have object recognition and development of schemas. Objection recognition is obviously something that has wings and a beak and flutters like this – hummingbird (object recognition).
Schema is like a cake with candles on it, party favors, balloons – birthday party. It’s a conceptual framework. But you have to learn those things and then they become…(Watch the video interview on Youtube here).
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